Saturday, July 4, 2015

Guiyang City or Guiyang Shi

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Guiyang (disambiguation).
Guiyang
贵阳市
Prefecture-level city
From top:Guiyang Skyline, Jiaxiu lou, Overview of Jiaxiu Pavilion, Night view of Jiaxiu Pavilion and the surrounding buildings.
From top:Guiyang Skyline, Jiaxiu lou, Overview of Jiaxiu Pavilion, Night view of Jiaxiu Pavilion and the surrounding buildings.
Nickname(s): The Forest City, The Summer Capital of China, The Second Spring City
Location of Guiyang City (yellow) in Guizhou and the PRC
Location of Guiyang City (yellow) in Guizhou and the PRC
Guiyang is located in China
Guiyang
Guiyang
Location in China
Coordinates: 26°39′N 106°38′ECoordinates: 26°39′N 106°38′E
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guizhou
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 8,034 km2 (3,102 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,403.4 km2 (928.0 sq mi)
Elevation 1,275 m (4,183 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 4,324,561
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,037,159
 • Urban density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 550000
Area code(s) (0)851
Licence plate prefixes A
Website http://www.gygov.gov.cn/
Guìyáng (Chinese: 贵阳) is the capital of Guizhou province of Southwest China. It is located in the centre of the province, situated on the east of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, and on the north bank of the Nanming River, a branch of the Wu River. The city has an elevation of about 1,100 meters. It has an area of 8,034 square kilometres (3,102 sq mi).[1] Its population is 4,324,561 at the 2010 census whom 3,037,159[2] live in the built up area made of 7 urban districts.

Contents

History

An early-18th-century French map of Guiyang
The city was first constructed as early as 1283 AD during the Yuan dynasty. It was originally called Shunyuan (順元), meaning obeying the Yuan (the Mongol rulers).

Geography

Guiyang
GY.svg
"Guiyang", as written in Chinese
Simplified Chinese 贵阳
Traditional Chinese 貴陽

Hanyu Pinyin Guìyáng
Literal meaning The South of The Gui Mountain
Guiyang has grown rapidly since the 1990s. The city's heart is around the 大十字 (literally "Big Cross") which is a cross, resembling the Chinese character for ten, and 喷水池 (literally "Fountain Pool"), a traffic intersection, in the center of which used to be a large fountain until early 2010, it was paved over for better traffic.

Climate

Guiyang has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa), tempered by its low latitude and high elevation. It has cool winters and moderate-temperature summers; the majority of the year's 1,118 millimetres (44.0 in) of precipitation occurs from May to July. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 5.1 °C (41.2 °F) in January to 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 15.35 °C (59.6 °F). Rain is common throughout the year, with occasional flurries in winter. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 12 percent in January to 41 percent in August, the city receives only 1150 hours of sunshine, making it one of China's least sunny major cities. Average monthly relative humidity is consistently above 75% throughout the year. The moderate temperature together with other factors including air quality, wind speed, etc. made Guiyang to be ranked No.2 in the "Top 10 Summer Capitals of China".[3]

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